Диета для кормящих мам

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Диета для кормящих мам
Мамы должны следить за своей диетой не только из-за здоровья ребенка, но и ради сохранения собственного здоровья и хорошего настроения. Ведь если кормящая мама отказывается соблюдать предписания врачей, то она нередко сталкивается с целым рядом трудностей – от капризов ребенка, несварения и отсутствия нормального стула у него и до довольно серьезных последствий для своего организма. Что же можно, а что нельзя маме, кормящей грудью?

Немного теории о диете для кормящих мам

Требования медиков основываются на реальных фактах, подтвержденных тысячами и десятками тысяч ситуаций. Наблюдения и аккумулирование опыта позволяют сформировать основные постулаты питания для кормящих мам:

  • 9 месяцев «счастливого ожидания», сами роды и лактация – это мощная встряска для организма матери: поэтому чтобы восстанавливать силы, нужно правильно питаться,
  • диета для кормящих мам призвана восполнить не только текущие «расходы» полезных веществ, но и с предыдущего периода,
  • в молоке матери содержатся все необходимые ребенку питательные вещества – и они берутся также из обмена веществ матери,
  • сегодня не редкость — аллергические заболевания и реакции, они часто связаны с гестозом беременности,  а вызывающие аллергию антигены могут проникать и в грудное молоко.

Перечень продуктов из диеты для кормящих мам

  • Однозначно нужно исключить:
  • Алкоголь.
  • Алергенные продукты (крабы, скумбрия, шоколад).
  • Чай и кофе (можно разбавленные).
  • Яркие продукты – лук и чеснок.

Ограничения вводятся на такие продукты, как:

  • Ягоды (малина, клубника) и фрукты (цитрусовые, тропические).
  • Яйца, молоко, мед, сахар.
  • Деликатесную рыбу.
  • Орехи.
  • Продукты с большим количеством консервантов, краситеелй.
  • Копчености, майонез.
  • Черный хлеб, бобовые.
  • Сало, жирное мясо.

Часть продуктов попадает в этот список из-за повышенного риска газообразования у ребенка, другая – из-за наличия жирных кислот, которые плохо перевариваются и могут повредить здоровью ребенка и самой мамы.

Составляем рацион: правильная диета для кормящей мамы

Составить рацион можно из целого ряда полезных и очень важных для развития ребенка продуктов. Это:

  • Молочные и в первую очередь кисломолочные продукты – от обычного кефира до йогуртов, домашней простокваши (не более литра в день), творога, сыров. Важный нюанс: обезжиренные варианты не подойдут для мамы – оптимальная жирность продуктов должна быть на уровне 2-2.5%., для творога – не меньше 5% и не более 10%.
  • Мясные продукты и рыба – от свинины и говядины (нежирных) до птицы, кролика, речных и морских видов рыбы.
  • Кондитерские «радости» также допустимы – стоит выбрать сухое печенье, пастилу, мармелад, крекеры или зефир.
  • Овощное и фруктовое меню приветствуется – исключить нужно только продукты из «запретного» списка.
  • А из напитков кроме компотов, морсов, негазированной воды рекомендуются слабые чаи, некрепкий кофе, травяные настои с мятой, чабрецом и душицей

    Особый случай: продукты для мам

    Специализированные виды продуктов, рассчитанные на мам, кормящих грудью, существуют. К ним относятся:

    • каши быстрого приготовления,
    • витамины, белково-витаминные смеси, минеральные комплексы,
    • специальные чаи для кормящих мам.

    Они позволяют увеличить лактацию, а главное – восстановить организм, затрачивающий немало полезных веществ на кормление ребенка.

    Диета мамы и возраст ребенка

    Как правило, уже в первые три дня врачи рекомендуют учитывать количество жидкости, которое потребляет мама. Перейти придется на молочные продукты и растительную пищу. А затем примерно до 3-месячного возраста ребенка маму просят воздерживаться от продуктов, способных вызвать повышенное газообразование у младенца – это бобовые, черный хлеб, виноград и некоторые другие.

    Источник: zhenskii-portal.ru

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